Defibrillation Doesnt Always Come Soon Enough
Reported July 31, 2009
(Ivanhoe Newswire) — The American Heart Association recommends that defibrillation be performed within two minutes of cardiac arrest. Wait any longer, and survival rates plummet.
Previous studies have found factors associated with individual patients, such as being admitted to the hospital for a non-cardiac diagnosis, or experiencing cardiac arrest on evenings and weekends, predicted delayed defibrillation. However, less is known about whether differences among hospitals are associated with these delays.
A new study finds that traditional hospital factors, such as case volume and academic status, do not appear to predict whether patients with cardiac arrest are likely to experience delays in receiving defibrillation.
Paul S. Chan, M.D., M.Sc., of the Saint Luke’s Mid-America Hospital Institute, Kansas City, Mo., and colleagues analyzed records from 7,479 adult inpatients, average age 67 years, who went into cardiac arrest at 200 hospitals included in the National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (NRCPR). Hospitals participating in the NRCPR in 2006 were asked to complete a detailed survey, including information about location, hospital teaching status, number of patient beds and the availability of automatic external defibrillators.
Rates of delayed defibrillationdefined as longer than the two-minute standardranged from 2.4 percent to 50.9 percent. Differences among hospitals accounted for a significant amount of the variation between patients; for instance, patients with identical characteristics had 46 percent greater odds of experiencing a defibrillation delay at one randomly selected hospital compared with another.
“However, many of the individual hospital characteristics that we exploredsuch as volume, academic status and hospital-wide mortality ratewere unrelated to hospital performance in defibrillation time,” the authors were quoted as saying. Only the number of beds and the location of the cardiac arrest (for example, in or out of the intensive care unit) were associated with the rate of defibrillation delays. There was no association between delays and geographical location, rate of cardiac arrest per 1,000 patient admissions, existence of an automatic external defibrillator program or most other hospital-related factors.
Patients at hospitals with fewer defibrillation delays were less likely to die in the hospitalthe odds of survival were 41 percent higher in the 25 percent of hospitals with the fewest defibrillation delays.
“Given extensive differences in defibrillation time across institutions and the recognized impact of delayed defibrillation on survival, the authors conclude, new approaches to improve hospital performance in defibrillation time could represent a critical area for quality improvement.
SOURCE: Archives of Internal Medicine, July 27, 2009