Top 10 Tips to Avoid Brittle Nails
and Onychorrhexis (longitudinal ridging or brittle nails)
seem to be common among women. These two diseases together are called "brittle
nail syndrome". The ridges which form in the nails can lead to development of
splitting nails. Even though ridged nails are usually caused due to the lack of
moisture, a poor diet,
excessive wetting and drying, medical problems like, endocrinal disease,
tuberculosis, pneumonia etc. Some skin diseases like lichen planus (A disease in
which there is an itchy rash on the skin or in the mouth.) and psoriasis can
lead to brittle nails. Vitamin A deficiency can also create the conditions of
Onychoschizia can be painful as the area split into the tender nail bed can
allow harmful bacteria and fungus into the nail bed allowing an infection to set
be difficult to treat and when it infiltrates under the nail into the nail bed
can create irreversible damage to the nail including the complete detachment of
A thin transverse line called ’Beau’s line may form following illness or major
Take an antihistamine tablet and dab on calamine lotion.
The best and most effective treatment and prevention of splitting is to protect
the area from the conditions that are causing the problem. Further you can
incorporate the preventive tips for brittle nails.
A repeated wet-dry cycle, dries the
sucks moisture out of your
and nails. The first step would be to reduce the frequency
of wetting your nails.
Water and cleaning products are the primary culprit of
damaged nails. Therefore, make it a habit to wear plastic or
rubbers gloves over thin cotton gloves while doing household
work, including kitchen and laundry.
Long nails can strike against objects, making the splitting
and peeling problem worse, therefore keep the nails trimmed to
reduce extra pressure and splitting of nails. Use a good quality
nail clippers to trim your fingernails once a week.
like petroleum jelly to improve nail hydration. Massaging
Vitamin E on on your nails will help to strengthen the nails and
prevent splitting nails.
Have a diet enriched with leafy green vegetables and dairy
products as they are high in minerals like
silica which help to prevent spilt nails. Also, increase the
intake of biotin-rich foods, such as carrots, almonds and milk,
into your daily diet. Biotin gets absorbed into the nails and
will help prevent splitting and add strength.
Use an acetone free nail polish remover to avoid split nails
Rub lotions containing alpha-hydroxy acids such as MD Forte
or lanolin-containing lotions such as Elon into the nails both
before and after getting the hands wet.
If you choose to wear
polish, be sure to wear a nutritive base coat and never
scrape or peel the polish off of the nail.
Never use your nails as a tool. Do not dial a phone with the
nail tips; use a pencil. Do not use your nails to remove staple
pins, stickers, and other objects. These tasks are better
performed by tools, such as scissors, pliers, or toothpicks.
Avoid filing your nails in a back and forth motion. Instead,
file your nails in one direction and never file when they are
wet as they are more prone to splitting when moist. Avoid sharp
angles. Attend to small cracks, snags and breaks immediately.
Depending on one's age, health, and digestive function (therefore
absorption), supplements may be useful, but first and foremost follow the tips
mentioned above for optimal nail health.
Massage Tip: Combine 1 tsp wheat germ oil with 2 tsp each of castor oil and
salt. Blend well and transfer into a clean, airtight container. Massage small
amounts of this mixture on your nails regularly. Your weak nails will soon
transform into super strong tough ones.
Dated 12 October 2012