Yogic science recognizes that spiritual health is activated by a system of CHAKRAS or never centre said to be located within the spinal column. Cosmic energy lies coiled within these CHAKRAS and has to be awakened for self – realization.
The Meaning Of Chakras
“Chakra” means wheel or ring in Sanskrit and our personal chakras have energy coiled within them, located along the spine and head. They are the critical junctions which determine the state of the body and mind. Just as the brain controls physicals mental and intellectual functions through the nerve cells or neurons, chakras taps the prana or cosmic energy which is within all livings beings and transform it into spiritual energy. This is spread through the body by the “nadis” or channels.
Being invisible chakras are tangible only through their effects. They can be accessed once the student of yoga has achieved all the right aspect of yoga when the human self merges with the divine self.
There are 11 chakras of which 7 are crucial and the others dependent. The most important is the Sahasrara chakra where prakriti shakti or energy unites with purusha shakti or soul.
1. Muladhara, the Root Chakra
The lowest of the seven chakras sits at the bottom of the pelvic floor, and it is called Muladhara, which means root support. Here sleeps the mighty kundalini energy in Her form as the serpent with the tail in its mouth. When this red chakra is over active there is too much focus on the physical. These people are too physical, too money minded and materialistic and deny the finer side of life. They have no compassion and can be violent. A balanced and healthy muladhara gives a firm sense of security, rootedness, unshakeable inner strength and the feeling of being comfortable and safe in the world. To have a healthy muladhar you need to conquer your fears, balance the material and spiritual sides of life and also keep your body fit and healthy. When awakened by yogic means this chakra gives great physical strength, incredible stamina, complete power over the body and robust health.
2. Swadhistan, the Sex and Identity Chakra.
When it is under active there is no enjoyment of life and no sex drive. The person lives life as if it is a burden. They are often pessimists, and lack a sense of humor. They are also unsure of themselves, indecisive, lack a firm identity, are moody and can be easily swayed. When this chakra is balanced all appetites are in control, the person can seek pleasure and enjoy life without making that the overwhelming drive. To have a healthy swadhistan you need to work on your self esteem, use creative ways to express your emotions freely and learn to enjoy life.
3. Manipur, the Power Center.
4. Anahat, the Heart Chakra
5. Vishuddhi, the Mind Chakra
The sixth chakra, located in the center of the forehead, is called Ajna which means, ‘command ‘ center. The name indicates that mastery of this blue-white chakra gives control over all the other chakras and the body as a whole. This is why ancients wore the bindi here to remind themselves of this powerful chakra. The third eye chakra, when opened, gives clairvoyance and also control over the whole chakra system.
7. Sahasrara, the Crown Chakra
The practice of yoga is directed at awakening the, divine energy within every human being. Asanas and pranayama uncoil and alert the chakras. In the process the nadis are activated. This causes the chakras to vibrate and to generate energy which is then circulated all over the body through the nadis. The emotions rooted in the chakras are transformed as divine energy is awakened and circulated.
To achieve self -realization, persistent rigorous practice of yoga will help to conquer the 6 main obstacles to happiness- desire, anger, greed, infatuation, pride and envy.