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Deep-Vein Thrombosis

Deep-vein thrombosis is the formation of blood clots in veins deep inside the legs. The condition is usually caused by sluggish blood flow when a person lies or sits still for long periods of time, such as during prolonged bed rest after surgery or in cases of paralysis. Prevention of thrombosis is one of the reasons your are told to get up and walk around as soon as possible after having an operation.

Deep-vein thrombosis is more common among women over 35 who smoke and take birth-control pills, or women who are or recently have been pregnant. Deep-vein thrombosis is not always a serious condition but, if a piece of a blood clot breaks off and travels to your lungs, it can block an artery, which can be life threatening. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) affects mainly the veins in the lower leg and the thigh.

Risk Factors associated with DVT:

Risks include

Risks also include


A clot in a vein in your leg can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain, tenderness, swelling, redness, and a feeling of warmth on the skin over the clot. Specific symptoms include:


Deep-vein thrombosis can be diagnosed by

These imaging and blood tests can provide information about the condition of the veins in your legs and the flow of blood through them.

Treatment Options


Anticoagulants may be prescribed as a preventive measure for high risk people or people undergoing high risk surgical procedures. Minimize immobility of the legs. In order to reduce the risk of DVT include treatment, such as reducing excess body fat, quitting cigarettes, exercising regularly and switching to a high fibre, low fat diet.

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