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Women and Diabetes

Women and Diabetes

The theme for World Diabetes Day 2019 is The Family and Diabetes.

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that affects the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin, a hormone that allows blood glucose (blood sugar) to enter the cells of the body and be used for energy. Women and Diabetes falls into two main categories: type 1, which usually occurs during childhood or adolescence, and type 2, the most common form of the disease, usually occurring after age 45.

How Does Diabetes affect Women?

Approximately 8.1 million or 8.2% of all women in the United States have diabetes, however, about a third of them do not know it. With its complications — blindness, kidney disease, amputations, heart attack and stroke — diabetes is the seventh-leading cause of death (sixth-leading cause of death by disease) in the United States.

Females with diabetes have an increased risk of vaginal infections and complications during pregnancy. For women who do not currently have diabetes, pregnancy brings the risk of gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes develops in 2% to 5% of all pregnancies but disappears when a pregnancy is over. Women who have had gestational diabetes are at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Women and Diabetic Complications

Pregnancy and Diabetes

Diabetes and Birth Control

What Is Needed?

In ideal circumstances, diabetic women will have their disease under good control and be monitored frequently by a health care team knowledgeable in the care of diabetes.

People with diabetes, with the help of their health care providers, can reduce their risk for complications. If they are educated about their disease, they can learn and practice the skills necessary to better control their blood glucose levels as close as to the normal range.

Because people with diabetes have a multi-system chronic disease, they are best monitored and managed by highly skilled health care professionals trained with the latest information on diabetes.  A team approach to treating and monitoring the complex facets of this systemic disease serves the best interests of the patient.

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