Site icon Women Fitness

Healthy Beverage Index (HBI): To Evaluate Dietary Consumption Of All Fluids

Healthy Beverage Index

Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a new scoring method for assessing beverage intake, the Healthy Beverage Index (HBI) to evaluate overall beverage intake quality and to determine if improvements in beverage intake patterns are associated with improvements in health. A great deal of attention has been directed at sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake, and a broader focus beyond just SSBs is needed.

The HBI is a 10-item scoring index that captures total energy from beverages, total fluid requirements, and recommended limits for beverage subgroups, such as low-fat milk, fruit juice, and alcohol.

The team used dietary and health data from over 16,000 adults who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2005-2010). They calculated HBIs and correlated those with cardiometabolic risk factors such as obesity/overweight, hypertension, high fasting insulin, high fasting glucose, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and high CRP.

The HBI score ranges from zero to 100, with a higher score indicating better adherence to beverage guidelines and a healthier beverage intake pattern in both men and women. People with better HBI scores had more favourable cardiometabolic outcomes. The average HBI score was 63±16 out of 100 for the sampled population in the research conducted by researchers at Virginia Tech. Their analysis considered age, sex, race/ethnicity, level of education completed, marital status, household size, totaldaily energy intake, and physical activity as possible confounding factors.

The odds of having high CRP were also lower with each 10-point higher in HBI score in this group. Irrespective of weight status, each 10-point higher HBI score was associated with 4% lower odds of having hypertension. Among all females, regardless of weight status, each 10-point higher HBI score was associated with an average 4 percent lower odds of having high fasting insulin levels.

Healthy Beverage Guidelines

Your body would be perfectly content if you drank nothing but water. You would get all the fluid you need, and you would get all of your nutrients from food. But with so many choices available, most people drink a variety of beverages. The Beverage Guidance Panel distilled its advice in the  issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Here’s one way the Panel suggests getting less than 10 percent of daily calories from beverages:

*Suggested beverage consumption pattern for a person who requires 2,200 calories per day, providing 10 percent of calories from beverages. The range listed at each level refers to the Beverage Guidance Panel’s suggested consumption range for each beverage. Caffeine is a limiting factor for coffee and tea consumption; up to 400 mg per day, or approximately 32 fluid ounces of coffee per day (can replace water). Noncalorically sweetened beverages can substitute for tea and coffee with the same limitations regarding caffeine, up to 16 fluid ounces per day (this is adapted from the Beverage Guidance Panel’s original recommendation of up to 32 fluid ounces per day).


Related Links

Exit mobile version