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Sun & Skin Care: Guideline to Protect your skin from Sun

You need to understand that excessive sun can be the skin’s worst enemy. Therefore it is essential that you adopt following guidelines into your daily routine to protect your skin from the harmful radiation of the sun.

Characteristics of UV Radiation

You must read about the UV radiations.



  • Longest wavelength.
  • High intensity all day.
  • Intensity is similar from season to season.
  • Intensity is similar for all geographical areas between the two poles.
  • Penetrates glass and plastic.
  • Penetrates the epidermis deep into the dermis.
  • Frequently indicated to be safe but is not.
  • Mid-range wavelength.
  • High intensity between 10 am and 2 pm
  • Intensity is reduced in winter months.
  • Intensity increases close to equator.
  • Does not penetrate glass and plastic.
  • Penetrates the epidermis deep into the dermis.
  • Known to be unsafe.
  • Shortest wavelength.
  • Largely absorbed by the ozone layer.
  • Absorbed in the epidermis
  • Very dangerous if it penetrates the ozone layer in large amounts.

Source: Look younger at any age by Dr. Don Groot and Patricia Johnston.

Harmful Radiations Of The Sun

Protecting With a Sunscreen

Sunscreens are available in the market in the form of creams, gels, lotions, sprays and ointments. They contain various agents which have been proven to protect the skin against the rays of the sun.

Some factors need to be considered while choosing a sunscreen:

Depending on these factors you can pick a sunscreen from the options available :

How To Apply A Sunscreen

The key to an effective use of sunscreen is to:

Sunscreen are most effective when they are applied to cool, dry skin, so they should be put on 20-30 minutes before sun exposure. The reason being:-

  1. The sunscreen needs a cool dry surface to bind to the top layer of the skin.
  2. There is a possibility that you might get a heat or sweat rash from the sunscreen if applied when the skin is hot because the sweet pores are open.

How To Be Safe In The Sun

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