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Top 10 Yoga Asana to relieve Asthma

For the 2022 World Asthma Day, ‘Closing Gaps in Asthma Care’ is the theme. The day is set aside to raise awareness about asthma and how those battling the condition can best equip themselves.

Health condition, caused by constriction of the airways of the lungs, causes tightness in the chest, bouts of coughing, wheezing and breathing difficulties. Inflammation of the air passages can become chronic. Asthma is caused by allergies or stress. Yoga has come a long way to heal and manage asthma.

Check out the Ten Yoga Asanas for Asthma


  1. Sit keeping your spine erect and your knees bent. Position the blocks on their broadsides on either side of your hips. Then place your palms on the blocks.  Sit on your buttock bones.
  2. Straighten each leg, one at a time, and join the inner sides of your legs and feet. Lengthen the calf muscles, and stretch your knees and toes. Keep your knees straight. Press your palms down on the blocks and stretch your elbows and arms.
  3. Lift your abdomen, freeing the diaphragm of tension. Hold the pose for 1 minute. Beginners may find it easier to separate their feet slightly and should hold the pose for just 30 seconds.
  • Improves digestion
  • Tones the kidneys
  • Helps to prevent sciatic pain.
  • Stretches and activates the muscles of the legs.
  • Prevents tiredness in the feet by stretching the muscles of the feet.


  1. Sit on a bolster placed at right angles to your body. Place a side of your hips. Sit in Dandasana. Bend your knees and join both soles together. Pull your heels closer to the bolster. Beginners may find it easier to use a bolster positioned parallel to the hips.

  2. Push your knees away from each other and lower them gradually onto the blocks. Open out your chest and draw in the abdomen. Initially, hold the pose for 1 minute. Gradually increase the duration of the asana to 5 minutes.

Added Benefits
  • Stimulates the heart and improves circulation in the entire body
  • Tones the spine, and the abdominal and pelvic organs
  • Prevents hernia
  • Alleviates sciatica and varicose veins
  • Reduces menstrual pain, irregular periods, and leukorrhoea

Upavista Konasana:

  1. Sit against a wall. Then sit in Dandasana with your shoulders and back touching the wall. Keep your back erect. Sit on your buttock bones. Place your palms on the floor, beside your hips, fingers pointing forward. Look straight ahead.

  2. Press your palms down on the floor to push your torso upward. Exhale, and spread your legs as far apart as possible. Use your hands, one by one, to help you push your legs even further out to the sides.

  3. Move your hands behind your buttocks, and place both palms on the floor. Press your heels and highs down on the floor. Lift your waist and the sides of your torso. Rotate your thighs to the front so that the kneecaps face the ceiling.

  4. Shift your weight from the buttocks to the pelvic bone. Stretch each leg from thigh to heel. Hold the pose for 30 – 40 seconds.

Other Benefits
  • Helps to treat arthritis of the hips
  • Relieves sciatic pain
  • Helps to prevent and relieve hernia
  • Massages the organs of the reproductive system
  • Stimulates the ovaries, regulates the menstrual flow, and relieves menstrual disorders
  • Corrects a prolapsed uterus or bladder

Virasana :

  1. Place 2 bolsters parallel to each other on the floor. Kneel on the bolsters, keeping your knees together. Place the rolled blanket on your shins, and the folded blanket under your buttocks. Sit with your back upright.

  2. Keep your chest stretched out. Imagine you are squeezing your kidneys and drawing them into the body. Place your palms on your knees. Look straight ahead. Stay in the pose for 30 – 60 seconds.

    Added Benefits of Virasana
    • Reduces stiffness in the hip joints.
    • Reduces inflammation in the blood vessels of the legs caused by standing for long periods.
    • Alleviates pain or inflammation in the knees and tones knee cartilage
    • Relieves gout and rheumatic pain
    • Tones the hamstring muscles
    • Strengthens the arches of the feet, and relieves pain in the calves, ankles, and heels
    • Helps to correct calcaneal spurs and flat feet

Supta Baddhakonasana:

  1. Sit in Dandasana. Place a bolster behind you, its short end against your buttocks, and place a folded blanket on its far end. Place 2 wooden blocks on their broadsides on either side of your hips. Bend your knees, and join the soles of your feet together. Draw your heels toward your groin. Buckle the belt and loop it over your shoulders.

  2. Bring the belt down to below your waist. Pass it under both feet to stretch it over your ankles and the insides of the thighs. Move your feet closer to your groin. The belt should feel neither too tight nor too slack, so adjust the buckle accordingly. Make sure that the end of the bolster touches your buttocks. Position a block under each thigh.

  3. Place your elbows on the floor, and lower your head and back onto the bolster.  Make sure that the bolster comfortably supports the length of your back and your head. Your spine should be in the center of the bolster.

  4. Stretch your arms out to the sides, with the palms facing the ceiling. Relax, and extend your groin out to the sides. Feel the expansion of the pelvis, and the release of tension in your ankles and knees.

  5. Initially, With practice, increase the duration to 5 – 10 minutes.

Added Benefits of Supta Baddhakonasana

Supta Virasana:

  1. Kneel in Virasana and place a bolster behind you, the short end touching your buttocks. Keep a rolled blanket on the far end. Make sure that the inner sides of your feet touch your hips. Keep your back straight. Place your fingers on the floor beside your toes.

  2. Press your palms on the floor, bend both elbows, and lean back toward the bolster. Place your elbows and forearms, one at a time, on the floor. Gradually lower your back onto the bolster. To avoid strain in the pelvic area or the thighs, ensure that your knees remain firmly on the floor.

  3. Once you lower your back onto the bolster, rest the back of your head on the rolled blanket. Keep your chest fully expanded.

  4. Press your shoulder blades down on the bolster to lift your chest. Extend your toes and ankles toward the bolster. Push your feet closer to your hips with your hands. Extend the pelvis, and press your thighs to close together.

  5. Move your arms out to the sides, with the palms facing upward. Extend your neck, but keep your throat relaxed.

  6. Drop your eyelids down gently. Experience the relaxation of the thighs and the abdomen, and the lift of the chest. Feel the continuous stretch from the cervical spine to the tailbone. Initially, stay in the pose for 1 minute. With practice, increase the duration to 5 – 10 minutes.

Added Benefits of Supta Virasana
  • Helps to prevent arterial blockages by gently massaging and strengthening the heart and increasing coronary blood flow
  • Increases the elasticity of lung tissue
  • Enhance the elasticity of lung tissue
  • More resistance to infections
  • Relieves indigestion, acidity, and flatulence
  • Corrects a prolapsed uterus, and tones the pelvic organs
  • Reduces inflammation in the knees, and relieves gout and rheumatic pain
  • Manages pain in the legs and feet and rests them, alleviating the effects of long hours of standing
  • Helps to correct flat feet

Setubandha Sarvangasana:

  1. Place a folded blanket on one end of the bench. Place a bolster on the floor in line with the bench, and touch one end of it. Place a folded blanket on the bolster. Then sit on the blanket on the bench, with your legs stretched out. Place a yoga belt under your thighs and bend it around the middle of your thighs.

  2. Exhale, and lower your back toward the bolster. Press each palm down on the floor on either side of the bolster, your fingers pointing forward. Both arms should support your upper back.

  3. Keep your thighs, knees, and feet close together your heels on the bench, and your toes pointing upward. Lower your arms to the floor.

  4. Slide further down, until the back of your head and your shoulders rest on the bolster. Straighten your legs, keeping your feet together. Stretch the heels and toes away from the torso to increase the stretch of the legs.

  5. Extend your arms to the sides on the floor, with the palms facing the ceiling. Hold the pose for 3 minutes. Gradually increase the time to 5 – 8 minutes.

Added Benefits of Setubandha Sarvangasana
  • Helps to prevent arterial blockages or cardiac arrest by resting the heart muscles and increasing blood circulation to the arteries
  • Combats fluctuating blood pressure, hypertension, and depression by soothing the brain and expanding the chest
  • Relieves eye or ear ailments, migraine, stress-related headaches, nervous exhaustion, and insomnia
  • Improves digestion and strengthens the abdominal organs
  • Reduces backache, strengthens the spine, and relieves neck strain
  • Gives rest to  tired legs and prevents varicose veins

Adhomukha Svanasana:

  1. Start with Tadasana facing a wall, about 1m (3.5 ft) away from it. Place 2 of the blocks on their broadsides, shoulder-width apart, against the wall. Place the third block on its long side, 45cm (18in) away from the wall. Separate your feet to a distance of 45cm(18in). Kneel, and place your palms on the two blocks against the wall.

  2. Press your palms down on the blocks and walk your feet back, until they are 1.2m (4ft) away from your hands. Make sure that your feet are in line with your hands and the same distance apart. Raise both heels, stretch your legs, then lower your heels to the floor. Stretch your arms fully.

  3. Consciously stretch each leg from heel to buttock, and from the front of the ankle to the top of the thigh. Raise your buttocks, stretch your chest, and push your sternum toward your hands. Exhale, then rest your head on the third block.

  4. Press your hands down on the blocks, extending your arms fully. Stretch your spine and expand your chest. Keep your throat soft and elongated. Relax your eyes and keep your brain passive.

  • Tones and relaxes the nervous system, helping to relieve depression and anxiety
  • Cures breathlessness, palpitation, extreme fatigue, and sunstroke
  • Stabilizes blood pressure and heart rate
  • Helps relieve chronic constipation, indigestion, and excess bile formation
  • Relieves arthritis in the shoulders, wrists, fingers
  • Reduces lower backache
  • Increase the flexibility of the hip, knee, and ankle joints, and strengthens the ligaments and tendons of the legs
  • Counters the damage to the cartilage of the knee or hamstring muscles, caused by joggingwalking, and other sports
  • Strengthens the arches of the feet and prevents calcaneal spurs

Uttanasana :

  1. Begin with Tadanasana. Separate your legs to a distance of 30cm (1ft). Keep your feet parallel to each other, with the toes pointing forward. Pull up your kneecaps.

  2. Inhale and raise your arms toward the ceiling, your palms facing forward. Push your spine up.

  3. Bend from the waist toward the floor. To increase the stretch of your spine, vital for correct practice, press your heels down on the floor.

  4. Rest the crown of your head on the blocks in front of you, and place your palms on the blocks beside your feet. Pull in your kneecaps.

  5. Extend your hamstrings and pull your inner legs upward. Feel one single stretch from the crown of your head to your heels. Hold the pose for 1 minute.

  • Reduces depression if practiced regularly
  • Cures insomnia and relieves fatigue
  • Increases blood flow to the brain, soothing the brain cells and sympathetic nervous system
  • Regulates blood pressure
  • Relieves migraine and stress-related headaches
  • Tones the abdominal organs
  • Relieves stomachache by neutralizing acidity
  • Strengthens and stretches the hamstring muscles
  • Increases the flexibility of the hip joint
  • Strengthens the knee joint and its surrounding tissue and muscles

Tadasana Samasthithi :

  1. Stand in your bare feet on a smooth and even surface. Keep your feet together, with your heels touching the wall. Beginners may find it easier to keep their feet 5 cm (2in) apart.

  2. Stretch your arms along your sides, with the palms facing your thighs, and your fingers pointing to the floor. Stretch your neck upward, keeping the muscles soft and passive.

  3. Distribute your weight evenly on the inner and outer edges of your feet, and on your toes and heels.

  4. Tighten your kneecaps and open the back of each knee. Turn in the front of your thighs. Tighten your buttocks. Pull in your lower abdomen, and lift your chest.

  5. Keep your head erect and look straight ahead. Breathe evenly and with awareness. Experience your body and mind as an integrated whole and feel the surge of energy. Stay in the pose for 30 – 60 seconds.

Added Benefits of Tadasana Samasthithi

  • Helps to treat depression

  • Improves incorrect posture

  • Strengthens the knee joints

  • Revitalizes the feet and corrects flat feet

  • Reduces sciatic pain

  • Prevents haemorrhoids

  • Improves bladder control

  • Tones and lifts the pelvis and abdomen

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