Dumping Syndrome: A Rare Disorder
Dumping syndrome is a relatively rare disorder in which the stomach's
contents are delivered too quickly to the small intestine. It is a physiological
reaction to the consumption of too much simple or refined
The stomach serves as a reservoir
that releases food downstream only at a controlled rate, avoiding sudden large
influxes of sugar. Besides, the released food is also mixed with stomach acid,
bile, and pancreatic juice to control the chemical makeup of the stuff that goes
downstream and avoid all the side effects.
Dumping syndrome classically develops after gallbladder surgery, although it
may also occur after other
abdominal operations, such as ulcer surgery or
surgery for severe reflux. Less frequently, it may be seen in people born with
unusually small stomachs and, even more rarely, in those with no stomach
abnormalities at all.
Symptoms include nausea and vomiting, sweating, faintness and palpitations,
increased heart rate and hypotension. Simple sugars exiting the stomach too
rapidly, attract fluid into the upper intestine-your blood fluid volume
decreases as it attempts to absorb the sugar.
Try to consume protein
rich fluid as half of your fluid intake between meals. (i.e. - 1% or skim
milk, nutritional supplements like Ensure or Sugar-Free Carnation Instant
Preventing Dumping Syndrome:
Making diet changes can be useful in preventing dumping syndrome. The
following guidelines are recommended to prevent foods from being emptied from
the stomach into the intestines too quickly
Go for the intake of complex
protein and fat to
ensure a slow emptying of the stomach, both pre and post exercise. Eat
rich foods first at each meal to help you maintain your lean body mass as you
lose weight. Aim for 60 grams of protein per day.
While exercising, take sugar in a five percent solution to avoid dumping
syndrome. Avoid those super drinks or power drinks which flood the market-the
sugar solution is too concentrated. Any drink with an action verb probably has
too much sugar.
Drink adequate fluids to prevent
dehydration. Consume at least 6 cups of fluid per day. (or 48 ounces) Remember
to sip slowly.
Limit concentrated sugars like
cookies, cake, pies, sugar, and syrup. Watch out for
high calorie liquids such
as regular soda, presweetened iced tea, fruit juices, and alcoholic beverages.
If these foods are consumed, try to limit them to no more than 2 cups per
day. (or 16 ounces) Other foods, such as ice cream and potato chips should
also be avoided for this same reason. All of these foods may also cause
Eat six small
meals daily instead of
three large meals.
Drink low sugar beverages slowly between meals. Wait at least one half
hour after eating a meal to drink fluids.
Avoid drinking beverages that are too hot or too cold. Beverages at
extreme temperatures might worsen symptoms.
Eat adequate amounts of protein and
Lie down for 15 to 20 minutes after a meal to slow the movement of food
from the stomach to the intestines.
Dumping syndrome is not dangerous but it feels absolutely horrible, and it is a
significant component of the weight loss equation.
Dated 21 May 2012