Being Active at all Sizes
Women can be active at any size by bringing about modifications in their
daily lifestyle. Being overweight, obese or even extremely obese in no way
should interfere in your determination towards achieving health & fitness goals.
To begin with you need to do away with the fact that losing fat or achieving
healthy weight is beyond your reach.
I always recommend my clients to focus more on what needs to be done, how it
should be done instead of focusing on quick results. Always remember even a
slightest effort put in by you towards adopting a regular workout routine or
consuming healthy diet will do a 100% good to your physical, mental, emotional
and social well-being.
Recommendations for Healthy women :
With a BMI within the range of 19.9-24.9 you seem to
possess healthy weight. This calls for action to guard falling out of the
healthy weight range, by adopting a regular exercise routine composed of
cardiovascular workout and strength
training combined with a
balanced diet. Your Cardiovascular workout should last for at least 30-45
min done 3-5 times a week,coupled with a personalised strength training program
to maintain muscle strength & also prevent muscle loss bound to take place with
Check your BMR to calculate the total number of calories
your body will require for normal bodily functions (excluding activity factors).
BMR may vary dramatically from person to person depending on genetic factors. If
you know someone who claims they can eat anything they want and never gain an
ounce of fat, they have inherited a naturally high BMR. One way to increase your
BMR is to engage in weight training in order to increase and/or maintain lean
body mass. In this manner it could be said that weight training helps you lose
body fat, albeit indirectly.
To keep your weight at its current level, you should remain at your daily
caloric maintenance level. To lose weight, you need to create a calorie deficit
by reducing your calories slightly below your maintenance level (or keeping your
calories the same and increasing your activity above your current level). To
gain weight you need to increase your calories above your maintenance level. The
only difference between weight gain programs and weight loss programs is the
total number of calories required.
Recommendation For overweight Women :
If your BMI lies within the range of 25-29.9 you are bound
to be overweight. Being overweight is an alarm signal for you to start taking
action before things seem to go out of control. Genetics does clearly play a
role in your health and appearance, but it certainly does not determine what you
are going to have for dinner or how often you exercise. Even if you are born
with a genetic predisposition to being overweight or weak, the way you live is
what will ultimately determine whether you become fit and strong or fat and
If you follow the WF Strength Training,
Weight Management programs you will
decrease body fat, increase muscle and strength, condition your heart and lungs,
improve nutrition and ultimately improve your health, even though the scale may
indicate that you have gained a pound or two.
Aerobic cross-training will be appropriate for you if you have any experience
with a cardiovascular routine. It refers to using two to three different types
of aerobic exercise during an exercise session. For example, if you plan to
exercise for 60 minutes, you might start with 20 minutes of walking or jogging,
followed by 20 minutes of biking, and finish with 20 minutes of rowing.
Calories not only count, they are the bottom line when it comes to fat loss. If
you are eating more calories than you expend, you simply will not lose fat, no
matter what type of foods or food combinations you eat. Some foods do get stored
as fat more easily than others, but always bear in mind that too much of
anything, even "healthy food," will get stored as fat. You cannot override the
laws of thermodynamics and energy balance. You must be in a calorie deficit to
burn fat. This will force your body to use stored body fat to make up for the
energy deficit. There are 3500 calories in a pound of stored body fat. If you
create a 3500-calorie deficit in a week through diet, exercise or a combination
of both, you will definitely lose one pound.
Recommendations for Obese Women :
Any woman possessing a BMI within the range of 30-39.9 is
categorized as being Obese with a high risk for cardiovascular disease and class
Very large women face special challenges in trying to be active. You may not be
able to bend or move in the same way that other people can. It may be hard to
find clothes and equipment for exercising. You may feel self-conscious being
active around other people. Facing these challenges is hardóbut it can be done!
You donít have to push yourself to benefit from physical activity. Thirty
minutes of gentle activity (like walking) can be just as healthy as 15 minutes
of intense activity (like fast dancing). You can choose between weightbearing
and non-weightbearing activities as either will prove beneficial.
Weightbearing activities, like walking, bowling, and golfing involve
lifting or pushing your own body weight. Non-weightbearing activities, like
swimming and cycling put less stress on your joints because you donít
have to lift or push your own weight. If your feet or joints hurt when you
stand, non-weightbearing activities may be best for you.
Your activities do not have to be planned. You can even make small day-to-day
changes to improve your health. For example,
Take 2- to 3-minute walking breaks at work a few times a day.
Put away the TV remote contrológet up to change the channel.
March in place during TV commercials.
Sit in a rocking chair and push off the floor with your feet.
Walk while you talk on a cordless phone.
Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
Doing chores like lawn mowing, leaf raking, gardening, and housework can
also improve your health.
Dietary modifications to facilitate fat loss needs to be closely monitored
to prevent any lapses towards achieving healthy weight. The option of adopting
Low energy Diets needs to be discussed with a registered dietician. Sample of
low Energy diet can be viewed as :
SAMPLE MENUS /1200 CALORIES
This reducing diet is suitable for non pregnant women. The amount of weight
you'll loose depends on the difference between your previous calories intake and
SAMPLE MENUS /1800 CALORIES
This menu is suitable for many mature women. each days menu illustrates four
principles of low fat eating.
select lower fat milk products
Select lean, lower fat meat: Removes skin from poultry and trim excess
fat from meat.
Use low fat food preparation methods.
Reduce the amounts of fats added at the table.
For a detailed insight into exercise & diet guidelines for obese women log
Recommendations for extremely obese women :
Evidence indicates that women with a BMI of 40 or more
have a substantially increased risk for death, and not uncommonly, are not only
at risk for illness but are already ill. Additional medical conditions are
particularly associated with those who are extremely obese like
hyperlipidemia, and ischemic heart disease.
The first step involves encouraging avoidance of further weight gain. Such a
strategy can limit the accumulation of additional medical risks associated with
increased weight gain. Health-related behaviors, such as healthful eating and
physical activity, can be highlighted as a means to improve health, independent
of weight loss.
Although extremely obese patients may be reluctant to engage in physical
activity because of discomfort or embarrassment, they should be encouraged to
adopt slow, gradual increases in physical activity (e.g., walking with a friend
for 10 minutes a day, parking the car farther away in the parking lot). They
will need to take up a diet which prevent weight gain and promotes healthy
weight loss. Specially designed low-calorie diets
(1,200 calories per day) will provide adequate nutrients and prove effective for
moderate weight loss. Equally important, is that they include enough food to
keep you from feeling starved--and to keep your body's metabolic rate from
falling. With very low-calorie--or "starvation"--diets, the rate at which the
body burns calories while at rest (its resting metabolic rate) drops
significantly, which means weight loss slows, too. Consult your doctor or
dietitian for a diet that's right for you.
Try to create an attitude of persistence during times that you reach a weight
Remember: This information is not intended as a substitute for medical
treatment. Before starting an exercise program, consult a physician.