Top 10 Yoga Exercises to Prevent Lower Backache
word "Yoga" means "union". Yoga is a form of
exercise based on the belief that the body and breath are intimately
connected with the mind. The common causes of lower backache are either
stiffness in the ligaments or muscles of the lower back, or weak
abdominal muscles. Poor posture and lack of exercise usually lead to
tight and swollen back muscles, resulting in pain in this area.
Stand in your
bare feet on a smooth and even surface. Keep your feet together, with
your heels touching the wall. Beginners may find it easier to keep their
feet 5cm (2in) apart.
arms along your sides with the palms facing your thighs and your fingers
pointing to the floor. Stretch your neck upward, keeping the muscles
soft and passive.
weight evenly on the inner and outer edges of your feet, and on your
toes and heels. Tighten your kneecaps and open the back of each knee.
Turn in the front of your thighs. Tighten your buttocks. Pull in your
lower abdomen, and lift your chest.
Keep your head
erect and look straight ahead. Breathe evenly and with awareness.
Experience your body and mind as an integrated whole and feel the surge
of energy. Stay in the pose for 30-60 seconds.
Stand in your
bare feet in Tadasana on an even. uncovered surface. Exhale, and
stretching from your waist, lift your arms in front of you, to shoulder-
level. Keep your palms open and facing each other.
Raise your arms
above your head, perpendicular to the floor. Stretch your arms and
fingers. Push your shoulder blades into your body.
arms further up from your shoulders, keeping them parallel to each
other. Extend your wrists, palms, and fingers toward the ceiling. Feel
the stretch along both sides of your body.
Pull in your
lower abdomen. Turn your wrists so that the palms face front. Hold the
pose for 20-30 seconds. Breathe evenly.
Stand in your
bare feet in Tadasana against a wall. On an even, uncovered
surface. Bring your arms toward your chest, with your palms facing the
chest. Interlock your fingers firmly, from the base of the knuckles,
with the little finger of your left hand lower than the little finger of
the right hand.
interlocked palms inside out. Exhale, and stretch your arms out in
front of you at shoulder-level. Then inhale, and raise your arms above
your head until they are perpendicular to the floor. Extend your arms
fully and lock your elbows. Feel the stretch in your palms. Hold the
pose for 30-60 seconds.
Spread a mat
against a wall. Place a wooden block on its ling side on the right edge
of the mat. Stand in Tadasana on the centre of the mat. Inhale,
then spread your feet about 1m (3.5ft) apart. Your heels and buttocks
should touch the wall. Raise your arms out to your sides until they are
in line with your shoulders.
Now, turn the
right foot out to the right until it is parallel to the wall. Turn your
left foot in slightly to the right. Your left heel and buttocks
should touch the wall. Keep your left leg straight. Stretch your arms
away from your body, keeping them parallel to the floor, with your palms
Bend to the
right and extend your right arm toward the floor. Place your right palm
on the block. Pull the tailbone into your body, keeping your left
buttock and shoulders firmly pressed to the wall. Raise the left arm up
toward the ceiling. Turn your head and look at your left thumb. Rest you
weight on both heels, and not on your right palm. Breathe evenly, not
deeply. Hold the pose for 20-30 seconds. Repeat the pose on the other
Tadasana against a wall, with your heels and your buttocks touching it.
Place the block on the floor behind your right foot. Inhale, and spread
your feet 1m (3.5ft) apart. Turn your right foot out to the right, until
it is parallel to the wall.
Turn your left
foot in slightly to the right. Press the outer edge of your left foot
firmly on the floor, and bend the right knee, pushing your thigh down
until your calf is at right angles to the floor. Stretch your left arm
away from your left shoulder.
Bend to the
right, and place your right palm on the block. Stretch the left arm
up, with the palm facing forward. Now rotate the arm and bring it toward
your left ear. Your left thumb should touch the wall. Turn your head and
look at your left arm. Maintain a continuous stretch from the left ankle
to the left wrist. Press your outer left foot into the floor. Move your
shoulder blades into your body. and extend your spine toward your head.
Hold the pose for 30 seconds. Repeat the pose on the other side.
Tadasana. Place a block on its short side against the wall. Inhale,
spread your feel 1m (3.5ft) apart. Raise your arms to shoulder-level.
Turn your right
foot out to the right, parallet to the wall, and turn your left foot in,
slightly to the right. Bend your right knee, and place the right palm on
the block. Raise your left arm.
right leg. Raise your left leg, until it is parallel to the floor. Keep
your left arm stretched up, in line with the right arm. The back of your
left hand should touch the wall.
Look up at your
left thumb. Keep your weight on the right foot, thigh, and hip, not on
your right palm. Hold the pose for 20 seconds. Repeat the pose on the
Tadasana. Place your hands on your hips, with your thumbs on your back
and your fingers on the front of the hips. Inhale, and spread your feet
1.2m (4ft) apart. Your feet should be parallel to each other, the toes
pointing forward. Press the outer edges of your feet to the floor. Keep
your back erect.
lift both kneecaps. Bend forward, extending your spine and bring your
torso down toward the floor. Look up as you bend to ensure that your
back is concave. Take both hands off your hips, and lower them to the
floor. Place your palms flat on the floor with your fingers spread out.
elbows, keeping your palms flat on the floor. Place the crown of your
head on the floor, between your palms. Push your sternum forward and
draw the abdomen in. Move the thighbones and groin back to reduce the
pressure on your head. Stay in the pose for 1 minute.
This sitting pose remedies poor posture by stretching and
strengthening the muscles of the legs and the back. Start the pose by
sitting up straight and looking ahead.
Bend your knees and draw the soles of your feet together.
Holding your feet with both hands, ease them in further towards your
body. Gently bounce your knees to the floor.
As an advanced
variation, bend your arms and use your elbows to push your knees gently
towards the floor. Keep your back straight
The Cobra is a face-down position in which you lift the upper
body, curling up and back like the snake. By holding the posture, the
deep and superficial muscles of both the back and abdominal region are
toned and strengthened. It increases backward bending flexibility in
your spinal column and relieves tension particularly in the lower back
Begin in the Frontal Corpse. Bend your elbows and place your hands
flat on the floor beneath your shoulders. Tilt your head forwards until
your forehead touches the floor. Tuck your elbows into your sides.
Inhaling steadily, roll your head back slowly, raising your forehead
and bringing first your nose, and then your chin, into contact with the
floor. Keep pressing down with your hands.
Continue the steady inhalation as you slowly push down with your arms
to raise your head and chest up, arching backwards away from the floor.
Try to press your hips and legs down into the floor, allowing only your
upper body to be lifted up.
Arch back as far as is comfortable by raising your chest and abdomen.
Keep your hips on the ground. Roll your neck back and look up. Breathe
as you hold the pose for 10 seconds. Take a deep breath, and exhale as
you roll slowly out of the posture, uncurling your back first and
keeping your head back until last. Repeat three times.
The Camel enables you to exercise all of your back muscles
and extend your spinal column, by bending your back fully. It is very
useful for increasing spinal and hip flexibility.
Begin the posture by sitting on your heels. Keep your knees close
together and your calves parallel with each other.
Place your arms behind your body with both palms flat on the floor.
Lean back so that your weight rests on your hands.
Drop your head backwards. Raise your hips and arch them forwards;
walk your hands inwards to clasp your heels. Keep your back arched
The above Yoga
asanas or poses can be practiced by young and old alike. While there is
no one who should be excluded, check with your doctor before you begin
practicing these exercises, especially if you suffer form a medical
condition or have any doubts.
Dated 14 February 2012