The first step to skin care is to identify
your skin type and then follow the prescribed medication and method to care for
If you desire a good skin, you really need to
make a concerted effort towards the same. It should become a habit. Besides a
healthy diet, composed of cereals, fruits and vegetables along with
adequate sleep is essential for a healthy skin.
Do avoid going out in the sun and if you need
to, begin using a
sunscreen to protect your skin from getting damaged.
Drink 8-10 glasses of
water daily, to keep
your skin hydrated.
As a guideline your skin needs two staples:
Cleanser and Moisturizer.
Other products might
exfoliator and eye cream or gels.
Avoid using more than three or four products
daily to protect your skin from breaking out and reacting. Simplify your routine
(it should not take more than 10 minutes to do twice a day) and use basic
The following is the basic skin care which a
women can follow:-
This is the first step,
in caring for your skin depending on your skin type. Throughout the day, sweat,
grease, dust, stale make-up, dirt and bacteria tends to collect on your skin and
needs to be removed.
Soap and water do tend to remove the
impurities but are incapable of removing make up completely, hence proper
cleansing is required.
Use water soluble emulsions or gels (with
tepid-not hot water) or cleansing wipe pH -balanced soap-free bars.
While cleansing the skin with a cream, lotion
or milk, it must be massaged into the skin with a light upward and outward
movement, paying particular attention to the grease of the nose, under chin
area, neck and ear lobes.
If using a cotton wool for cleansing moist if
first or the day cotton wool will absorb the moisture from the skin. You might
need to repeat the cleansing process 2-3 times until the cotton wool or tissue
As we proceed, you will learn about specific
cleansing tips according to your individual
and also about various
cleansing creams and lotions.
(a) Steaming:- Steaming is beneficial
for cleansing all types of skin. It helps in cleaning the skin of all surface
dirt, stimulates, the circulation and unclogs blocked pores.
To make steaming more beneficial you can add
a tablespoon of
herbs in the water. Herbs like
rosemary can be used as stimulants while cleansing.
(b) Massage:- This routine consists of
a thorough cleaning. After removing the cleanser completely, the next step that
follows is massage. The purpose of the massage is to relax the facial muscles
and stimulate blood circulation. The massage should not extend beyond 5-10 min
and should be done with clean hands. Take care not to stretch your skin while
(c) Cold Treatment:- The last step
that follows cleansing is application of ice-cold water or masks to draw out the
impurities and close the open pores.
This purpose of cleansing varies with various
skin types. You will learn about the specific cleansing type and products as we
proceed in our beauty section. We will also inform you about easy tips and masks
that can be prepared at home without making any extra effort.
Always follow the
cleansing routine with toning done with a mild skin freshener, rose water or
skin tonics. Toning removes the greasiness remaining from cleansing
preparations, closes open pores refines the skin giving it a smooth clean
Toning stimulates the blood supply of the
skin and give it a fresh look the best toner is in fact cold water, other skin
tonics are generally composed of infusions of
witch-hazel. Avoid using strong skin tonics or astringents as
they might dry the skin. Basically they are suitable for oily-skin type.
Toners improves skin textures.
All skin types need
some type of moisturizing. Ideally used water based creams or emulsions if your
skin breaks out a lot, try a lighter, oil-free moisturizer.
The best choice of a moisturizer is that
which has a
Sun Protection Factor
(SPF) of 15. Petrolatum, an ingredient used in
many lotions and creams is an excellent moisturizer, because it helps seal in
the skin's natural moisture. Because moisturizers contain different ingredients,
no particular product is best for everyone. You may have to try several before
you find one that is most effective for you.
A light moisturizing emulsion is the
most suitable type for young skin
Moisturizers work best only if they are
applied everyday. Many moisturizing creams contain alpha-hydroxy acid (also
present in milk, fruits and sugar) which might help diminish wrinkles.
To sum up begin
by practicing these guidelines to keep your skin healthy and prevent it from becoming dry.
Use warm (not hot) water for washing and
Use mild soaps.
Do not bathe for longer than is necessary
to get your skin clean.
Apply moisturizer immediately after
bathing to prevent water loss from the skin.
In winters, cover your hands and face by
wearing gloves and scarf to keep in the moisture and protect against cold.
skin from the sun needs to be an essential part of your daily skin care routine.Most
of the UV light from the sun falls in two main wavelength bands: UVA & UVB.
UVA:- ages the skin, the rays travel
far into the skin and start free-radical activity. These are responsible for
cancers and certain skin sensitive reactions.
UVB:- burns and browns the skin (by
triggering the pigment melanin) & can cause skin cancer. The UVB rays are
even stronger than the UVA rays.
Although the damage does not show up
immediately, but you need to understand that excess sun can be skin's worst
enemy. It is the main cause of premature ageing, of the skin. Pollution,
dramatic temperature changes and harsh detergents can also damage the skin.
Long term exposure to the sun is
one of the major
cause of wrinkles, other being progressive ageing.
The skin begins to sag, as the elastic
collagen fibers in the skin weaken, making the skin less resilient and
After the age of twenty-five, regular
massage helps to preserve the elasticity and resilience of the skin by improving
the circulation of blood to the surface of the skin.
You can buy various collagen products to
apply to the skin, but it has not been proved that collagen can penetrate
the skin in sufficient amounts to restore your own collagen tissues.
Consult a dermatologist before choosing a
product for use. There are other ways to remove wrinkles like injecting of
collagen fibers to fill out prominent and fine wrinkles, removal of flabby skin
by a plastic surgeon. But these are not permanent solutions and also need to be
tested for sensitivity before you can be treated.
Although wrinkles are not medical problems,
some people seem to resort to them. Thus, make sure the doctor who performs the
procedure is qualified, trained dermatologist or plastic surgeon.