fitness articles

Fertility & Pregnancy  



Treating High Cholesterol During Pregnancy
Recently, studies have shown that pregnant women who have high blood cholesterol are at risk of developing pre-eclampsia, a life-threatening condition where the pregnant woman’s blood pressure becomes dangerously high that is directly correlated to pregnancy and high cholesterol.


Breast-Feeding Helps Mom's Weight Loss
"Breast feeding - that's my number one secret," for post pregnancy weight loss said Nicelle Herrington after losing 25 of the 29 pounds she gained during pregnancy. Heidi Klum who lost 30lbs in 6 months after her pregnancy also credits breastfeeding for her rapid post-natal weight loss. 


Breastfeeding and HIV Transmission

A large study of mothers and children carried out in Zimbabwe lends further support to the view that it is probably better for mothers with HIV infection to breastfeed exclusively rather than engage in mixed feeding, as children exposed to a mixture of breastfeeding and other forms of feeding are more than four times as likely to have become infected with HIV at the age of six months when compared to infants exclusively breastfed.

Yoga Asanas for Nursing Mothers

A nursing mother is faced with innumerable challenges of adjusting to the world around her, especially the physical challenge of nursing the baby. Nursing and taking your care of the new born can leave your shoulder and back aching- asking for a break.

Overcoming Breastfeeding Myths

Women on even very low calorie diets usually make enough milk, at least until the mother's calorie intake becomes critically low for a prolonged period of time. Generally, the baby will get what he needs. Some women worry that if they eat poorly for a few days this also will affect their milk.


Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS): a Downside of Using Fertility Drugs
Excessive stimulation of the ovaries is called ovarian hyperstimulation caused primarily due to reaction to fertility drugs taken by the patient.


Sun Protection During Pregnancy
Pregnant Women are left with a question to ponder- whether or not to use sun protective creams during pregnancy?


Diaper Dermatitis: Symptoms & Treatment
Diaper dermatitis (DD), an acute inflammatory reaction of skin in the perineal area, is an extremely common pediatric condition. Neonates, specifically premature neonates, are at increased risk, as well as patients between 9 and 12 months of age.


Health & Fitness Needs During Lactation
Body image is among the greatest concerns of women during the first year after childbirth. The desire to lose weight and tone muscles in the postpartum period is common concern after child birth in today's society.

Fish to Avoid During Childbearing Years

When it comes to health benefits fish continues to line up high on the positive side. There’s the omega-3 fatty acids found in all fish and especially the fatty fish. Omega – 3’s help promote heart health and aid in prevention of heart disease making them a positive choice. Recent FDA advisory, however, indicate that pregnant women and women considering pregnancy should not eat shark, swordfish, king mackerel or tilefish because they could contain enough mercury to harm an unborn infant's nervous system.

Common Myths around contraception
The contraceptive pill is considered by many to be one of the most liberating medical advances of the 20th century. It hit the market in the 1960s and within two years of its launch, 1.2 million women in America were using it.


Apps to Handle Unexplained Infertility
With infertility on rise amongst women and many a times an unexplained one. A new technology in the form of apps and wearable sensors.


Folic: The Great Protector
A biological support vitamin that assists the functions of other essential nutrients, folic acid is indispensable for the smooth metabolic activity of hundreds of biological processes in human metabolism. Without this essential vitamin, we could succumb to myriad illnesses and diseases.


Food Safety During Pregnancy

Because certain food can cause health problems that may affect a developing embryo - particularly during those vital early weeks of pregnancy - you should always take care to avoid food-borne infections in your preconception period as you prepare for pregnancy.


Solid Food Options for Your Little One
Introduction of baby to solid foods, is often called weaning on to foods. By the age of 4-6 months, most babies are ready to begin eating solid foods as a complement to breast-feeding or formula-feeding.


New Guidelines for Baby Care with Heart Problems in the Womb
Fetal heart experts working with the American Heart Association have developed guidelines to help healthcare providers care for unborn babies with heart problems, as well as their families.


IBS & Pregnancy
Upwards to a third of pregnant women experience increased constipation, particularly during the last trimester.


A Complete Body Workout for Pregnant Women (Part-II)
This is the concluding part of complete body workout for pregnant women comprising of Lower Body workout aiming to workout the pelvic floor, stomach , legs, hips and thighs.


The Fertility Diet

Fertility and diet go hand-in-hand. There are certain foods that can help boost a woman's chance of becoming pregnant, while other foods can harm her chance of conceiving.



The Fertility Diet

Fertility and diet go hand-in-hand. There are certain foods that can help boost a woman's chance of becoming pregnant, while other foods can harm her chance of conceiving.


Endometriosis and Pregnancy

Endometriosis is the growth of tissue that is normally found in the uterus in location outside of the uterine cavity, most commonly the ovaries, bowel, fallopian tubes or bladder. 


What to Eat with Endometriosis? Check it Out.

Endometriosis is a female health disorder that occurs when cells from the lining of the womb (uterus) grow in other areas of the body. This can lead to pain, irregular bleeding, and problems getting pregnant. While some women with endometriosis remain asymptomatic, others experience dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, non-cyclical pelvic pain, and sub-fertility.


How Safe is IVF as a Pregnancy Option?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), is a method developed to help handle infertility issues except cases of infertility causes by severe uterine problems, such as intrauterine adhesions. But how far it has successfully served the purpose is still an area of debate.


Strengthening the Pelvic Floor

The pelvic floor is a large hammock of muscles stretching from side to side across the floor of the pelvis. It is attached to your pubic bone in front, and to the the tail end of your spine behind. The openings from your bladder, your bowels and your womb all pass through your pelvic floor. Your muscles near your pelvis are very important to stretch.

Infant Feeding Pattern: If not Checked Could Lead to Obesity

The BYU (Brigham Young University) researchers analyzed data from more than 8,000 families and found that babies predominantly fed formula were 2.5 times more likely to become obese toddlers than babies who were breastfed for the first six months.


Pregnant Women Should Eat Dark Chocolate. Why?

Many women have experienced food cravings during the course of their pregnancy. Many of these cravings consist of chocolate, ice cream, meat, cheese and salty snack food.


Food Craving During Pregnancy

Many women have experienced food cravings during the course of their pregnancy. Many of these cravings consist of chocolate, ice cream, meat, cheese and salty snack food.


Breathing For Labor and for Life
Learning to breathe differently may sound difficult, but in fact, certain breathing techniques can become second nature, given time and practice. In order to learn therapeutic ways of breathing, however, we have to become aware of what we are doing.


Cervical Cancer and Pregnancy
Cervical cancer occurring coincident with pregnancy is, fortunately, quite rare, probably less than 1 in 10,000 pregnancies. Pregnancy and cervical cancer can be categorized under two categories for a better understanding.

Nutrition Recommendations for Breastfeeding Women
During this unique phase in the childbearing cycle, a breastfeeding mother will need to take some extra care to assure that she produces and provides to her infant abundant, high-quality milk.


Couple Workout: Exercises to Bring You Closer

Time for couples to come together and share their fitness goals. Interacting physically at the gym no doubt increases intimacy, enhances fitness level. A study from Indiana University at Bloomington noted that couples who join a fitness program as a pair were more likely to stick with it (94 percent did!) than singles.


Exercises for Pregnant Women

Excitement and nervousness are the first two emotions you feel as an expectant mother, and it is natural that you will take immediate steps to alter your lifestyle. Suddenly, cocktails are replaced by fortified milk, bites of raw sushi are swapped for fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins .


How safe is Sex during Pregnancy?

Sex in pregnancy is generally safe, with few complications, states a new primer for physicians to counsel patients wondering about sex in pregnancy.


Vulvodynia: a Chronic Pain Syndrome

The term "vulvodynia" refers to "vulvar pain", surfacing around the urethra and at the top of the legs and inner thighs, either intermittent or constant. It is a condition from which 15% of women suffer and is found in women who are younger to middle-aged.


New Criteria for Judging a Pregnancy Viability  

A panel of 15 medical experts from the fields of radiology, obstetrics-gynecology and emergency medicine, convened by the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (SRU), has recommended new criteria for use of ultrasonography in determining when a first trimester pregnancy is nonviable (has no chance of progressing and resulting in a live-born baby).


Breastfeeding: a Potential Ally in the Fight Against Breast Tumors  

A nurse led study published by Emilio Gonzalez-Jimenez PhD, of the University of Granada in Spain, and his colleagues suggests "Women who breastfeed for over 6 months are less likely to develop early breast cancer than women who do not breastfeed - as long as they do not smoke."


The Webster Technique: Pre-natal Chiropractic Care  

A woman’s body needs special care during pregnancy. A change in a vertebral or cranial bone function and position can create imbalance to the surrounding muscles, ligaments and nerves. The body’s ability to communicate and function correctly decreases.


Pregnancy and Breast Cancer  

Very few pregnant women are diagnosed with breast cancer. But because more women are choosing to have children later in life, and because the risk of breast cancer increases as women age, there may be more cases in the future. Today about 1 out of 3,000 pregnant women is diagnosed with breast cancer.


Raspberries: the New Super Food for Enhanced Female Fertility
Female fertility may benefit from raspberries’ high levels of folate – a type of B vitamin that promotes cell growth and embryo health. During pregnancy, sufficient levels help prevent birth defects of the baby’s brain and spine. Together with their high vitamin C and magnesium content - one portion of raspberries provides the same amount as 173 grapes - they are also a good source of folate, which is known to be essential in key stages of female fertility and early embryo development.  


Postnatal Yoga Asanas for Time-Pressed Mothers
Yoga for postnatal mothers should focus on the back, the core muscles and the pelvic floor – areas that tend to weaken after pregnancy and labor.  


Recovering after Caesarean birth
If you have had caesarean section, you will be very aware of the discomfort of the incision, not to mention the difficulties of getting in and out of bed, moving around and finding a comfortable position for breastfeeding. However, it will probably encourage you to know that gentle exercise can help speed your recovery. 

Preterm Birth: Analyzing the Risk

There has been a rise in preterm birth over the past two decades with number of women opting for induction. Latest research show that birth even one or two weeks early can increase the risk of complications and developmental delays. Preterm babies’ organs are not fully developed, so respiratory and digestive tract complications can arise early in life.


Pregnancy and Your Feet

Weight gain and water retention during pregnancy cause significant physical changes that often lead to foot discomfort. Alteration in center of gravity due to weight gain can add pressure to the knees and feet. Posture and alignment can shift, and everyday movements like lifting, sitting, standing, and walking can be affected.


Exercises to Lose Baby Weight, Fast
In today's fast paced world, all moms want to get back to their pre-pregnancy shape (especially, the belly)  once the baby is delivered. Begin with a walking routine while pushing the baby stroller -- it's one of the best ways to burn more fat in less time. If you're just starting out, stick to shorter durations for the first two weeks, then gradually increase the time.


Practicing Yoga during pregnancy
The practice of yoga gives you the opportunity to create a world (your body) for your baby that is healthy and peaceful. "What a child learns in the womb cannot be learned on earth".

Skin care during Pregnancy

 Pregnancy is a time of change, from stretch marks to acne, your skin reflects the big transformation that’s occurring in your body. While not every woman will experience all of these skin changes during pregnancy, here are a few things you might notice.


Belly Binding: for a Pancake Belly After Child-birth
Did you know that Jessica Alba, Kourtney Kardashian and Brooke Burke have something in common? These hot mamas have used belly binding to get back in shape after giving birth!  Did you know that Jessica Alba, Kourtney Kardashian and Brooke Burke have something in common? These hot mamas have used belly binding to get back in shape after giving birth!  


Acupuncture and Moxibustion: for Enhanced Success of IVF Treatment
In vitro fertilization is codified as IVF. In vitro refers to lab glass containers, usually petri dishes; in vivo is a reference to live whole organisms, from rats to humans. IVF takes an ova or ovum (egg or eggs) from an infertile woman's ovaries, fertilizing it or them into a petri dish (in vitro), then removing the zygote (fertilized egg or eggs) from the lab environment and inserting into the woman's uterus. 


Getting Back in shape: Rebuilding the Foundation
After delivery of a baby, your abdominal muscles will be sore for a while. They will work and function normally; however, they will get sore more easily. This is expected. These are growth pains as your muscles build back up to their normal size and strength. So you need to slowly return to your normal exercise routine.


Yaz and Yasmin: Two Controversial Birth Control Pills

Yaz and Yasmin the birth control pills has been in news for wrong reasons. Canada reported 23 deaths due to these pills women took. The New York Times reported on the controversy surrounding Yaz and Yasmin, two popular birth control pills (BCPs). Part of the controversy stems from problematic marketing and manufacturing processes identified by the Food and Drug Administration.


Headaches during Pregnancy

Headaches may occur at any time during pregnancy, but they tend to be most common during the first and third trimesters. In the first trimester, headaches occur because of hormone changes you experience while in the third trimester, headaches are felt because of your having to carry additional weight and changes in your usual posture.


C-Section: Is that a good thing or a bad thing?
The increased rate of caesarean section due to maternal demand without medical reason makes it an urgent concern for a mother to understand the health risk of allergy, asthma for her child, especially when the parents have a history of allergy or asthma. Latest addition to the list is obesity.


Exercise Suggestions for an Infant
The term infant is applied to young children between the ages of 1 month and 12 months. As a mother you might feel the need to exercise insignificant for your baby.


Pregnancy Associated Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis associated with pregnancy is a rare condition when bones break/fracture suddenly or severe pain occurs during or soon after pregnancy in otherwise apparently healthy women. These fractures can occur in the spine or occasionally the hip and result in pain and disability. Coping with fractures alongside the demands of a new baby can be particularly difficult for those affected.


Top Seven Pregnant Celebrities and their Present Life Style
It is now May 2013, host of celebrities are expecting good news in coming days. We at Women Fitness wish them all the best in health and fitness for themselves and the coming child. For our visitors continuous quench to know about these expectant mothers we have their latest update.


Gastroenteritis in Infant: Prevention & Management  

Gastroenteritis  or Stomach Flu is a  term covering a host of symptoms like diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain, chills and aches, loss of appetite and fever ininfants(0-2 yrs of age).

Yoga to enhance Fertility  

In yoga the body is seen as an energy system, with a number of different areas or chakras. The second Charka, is know as the seat of creation or reproduction.  Enhancing blood flow into this region will help you seek significant results.


Cocoa & Dark Chocolate: -Pre-eclampsia Specialist

A growing body of research links chocolates to improved blood vessel function, which is important for cardiovascular health. Several studies have linked regular chocolate consumption in the first and/or third trimester to reduced risk of pre-eclampsia. Eating chocolate only in the first trimester seems to decrease the risk of hypertension during pregnancy.


Is Your Anger Affecting the Baby

"I feel like a psycho, it takes so much of my part to control it. I've never felt this angry in my life. I feel like punching/hurting someone ( I haven't, like I said I control myself ) but it physically hurts to keep it in" These are the words of Dalinajimenez, pregnant and calling out for help. Another named Jeenee says "All my crazy pregnant anger somehow gets directed at my poor husband! We were driving to his work's Christmas party and he kept interrupting me when I was telling him something. I just flipped out on him. I felt really bad after I did it and I apologized for getting soooo mad"


Post Pregnancy Core building Exercises

It can take 6-12 weeks to return to a pre-pregnancy state - sometimes longer - so don't give up! With proper training, and beginning as early as 24-48 hours after birth, you can avoid many problems and work toward rebuilding and toning your body the right way.


Sleep Loss: Responsible for Weight Gain in New Moms

In his book, Sleep Thieves, author Stanley Coren states that parents lose between 400-750 hours of sleep during baby’s first year of life, which is the equivalent of losing 50-94 full 8-hour nights of sleep. As recent research suggests, the toll it takes on the child and the parents is no laughing matter.

Maternity Dressing Up
The rule of thumb for expecting moms is wear whatever makes you feel good and comfortable.

Postpartum Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): Are You at Risk?
Researchers believe OCD occurs after a woman gives birth because of a change in brain chemicals that regulate social behaviors. "It can paralyze the person with anxiety and various types of rituals that can take up most of their way of everyday life."

Defining Postpartum Fitness Regime
Moms-to-be can benefit from regular physical activity. The type of exercise one should opt for along with the duration and intensity of exercise will depend on the background. It is important to choose activities that utilize large muscle groups in rhythmic contractions that can be performed continuously.


Painful Intercourse or Dyspareunia: Seeking Solutions

A recent Swedish survey suggested that dyspareunia occurs in 9.3 per cent of females, with the incidence being higher among the young and inexperienced and relatively low among the over-50s.


Attending to Your Baby's Needs

Before you rush out to buy lots of baby clothes, a roomful of toys, and several packs of diapers, ask friends and family if they have any baby clothes or toys they can pass on to you, and which diapers they recommend.


Pregnancy and Heart Disease

Pregnancy is one of the physiological conditions that places a considerable burden on the heart, forcing it to work harder for a significantly long period - nine months. While a normal heart is quite capable of taking this extra workload right in its stride, a diseased one may not be able to cope. Different kinds of heart disease may cause different problems during pregnancy.  


Get Ready for Lower Body Workout
Working the lower body requires a lot of energy, but that effort is repaid with many benefits. Energetic exercise which uses the big muscles of the legs and hips speeds up your metabolic rate long after the exercise is over. Thus a combination of strength training to accentuate and define muscles, and frequent aerobic exercise to help you lose any excess fat, can dramatically improve your shape.


Prenatal Birth Defects on Rise: Am I a Candidate?
Birth defects are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Every year, about 7.9 million infants (6% of worldwide births) are born with serious birth defects. With the causes of over 50% of birth defects unknown, it remains a challenge how to diagnose and prevent them? Although some congenital defects can be controlled and treated, an estimated 3.2 million of these children are disabled for life. The most common birth defects are heart defects, cleft lip and cleft palate, Down syndrome and spina bifida.

Micronutrients During Pregnancy And Lactation
Overdose of certain vitamins, particularly the fat-soluble vitamins, can be deleterious in pregnancy.


Postnatal (Standing) Aqua Stretches

After pregnancy, it is necessary to realign your spine. Standing in the water allows you the maximum stretch between your hip bones and your ribs as you lift your arms above your head. Aqua yoga makes use of deep breathing in relaxed stretches that are easier and safer in water than on land. Read on....


Bleeding During Pregnancy
Bleeding affects 20% to 30% of all pregnancies. Up to 50% of those who bleed may go on to have a miscarriage (lose the baby). Of even more concern, however, is that about 3% of all pregnancies are ectopic in location (the fetus is not inside the uterus), and vaginal bleeding can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy.


Menopause and weight gain
Menopause is a medical term used to describe the time one year AFTER you stop having periods, which occurs around age 51. But the ten or more years before your ovaries go “two claws up” can put you on a hormonal roller-coaster ride every month.  Read on...


Sunshine Vitamin Deemed Essential For Pregnant Women

Pregnant women who have low levels of vitamin D face a five-fold risk of preeclampsia, a serious complication during pregnancy which can lead to death of the fetus.


Choline & its Role During Pregnancy
Choline is important for people of all ages, particularly moms and moms-to-be," says Neva Cochran, M.S., R.D., nutrition communications consultant and nutrition writer and researcher for Woman's World magazine.


Gestational Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms and Management
Gestational diabetes is a carbohydrate intolerance of variable severity that starts or is first recognized during pregnancy or the inability of the tissues to absorb glucose from the bloodstream during pregnancy due to a lack of the hormone insulin.


Updated Vaccine Guidelines for Female Infertility Patients: ASRM

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) has issued new recommendations regarding vaccinations for women of reproductive ages, updating previous guidelines issued in 2008.


Watch Out for Pregnancy After 40

With all the advances in medical care and technology, it is safer today than ever before for most women in later age to become pregnant. There are still some increased risks associated with later-age pregnancy that you should know if you fit into this category.


Working the Transverse Abdominus After Childbirth
During pregnancy, the three different layers of abdominal muscles get stretched to accommodate the growing baby. The belly stretches during pregnancy and so do the muscles that cover it. These muscles are then held in a stretched position until the baby is born, and because of this might lose some strength and elasticity. 



Guidelines to Manage Thyroid During Pregnancy
The guidelines for the management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and after birth has been recently updated from its 2007 version. The clinical practice guideline, published in the August issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, recommend approaches to diagnosing and treating patients with thyroid-related medical issues before, during, and immediately after pregnancy.


Pregnancy and Exercise
Pregnancy is a highly complex physiologic state, and precautions are needed during pregnancy to ensure that your exercise program does not contribute to complications.


Breastfeeding and Nutrition

After delivery, all mothers need continued nutrition so that they can be healthy and active and able to care for their baby. Nutrient needs of the mother during breastfeeding include increased need for energy, vitamins and minerals, and water.


Managing Allergies during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time of intense change within the female body. The hormones of pregnancy have  steroidal type effects and which can dampen down allergies.


Health Concern During Pregnancy

Most of the changes your body undergoes during pregnancy are normal, healthy, and expected. Some effects of pregnancy may cause you temporary discomfort, but many of these common discomforts can be prevented or relived by simple measures. Make sure your doctor knows about any health condition you have, such as high blood pressure or diabetes that can pose a risk to you or the fetus.  


Aqua yoga for labor

Yoga is a centuries’ old practice that promotes balance, energy, deep breathing and relaxation. The therapeutic and buoyant effect of water is combined with energizing and harmonizing effects of yoga provide the optimum workout for you and your baby.

Maternal Diet Vs Fetal Growth

Nutrition during pregnancy is serious business. Research has shown that when mothers-to-be eat poor diets, there is an increase in risk of low-birth-weight infants, particularly in women with poor health and nutrition status before pregnancy. The risk is compounded by lifestyle choices, such as smoking, that may affect pregnancy outcome.

Smoking: a Must to Kick Off before Pregnancy  

Cigarette smoking among drug dependent pregnant women is alarmingly high, estimated at 77 to 99%. Smoking during pregnancy can cause complications during delivery such as premature rupture of membranes, abruptio placentae, placenta previa, premature birth, low-birth-weight, stillbirth and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).


Birth Defects on a rise in Babies Born Out of Fertility Treatment

Nearly 4 million babies are born every year with the aid of fertility treatments. Babies conceived with infertility treatment methods are more likely to have certain birth defects than babies who are conceived naturally, according to a study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Diet to minimize the risk of a Miscarriage

During the first three months of pregnancy, when foetal cells are beginning to develop into rudimentary organs, the quality rather than the quantity of the mother's food is particularly important.

Childcare: THE OPTIONS

Start thinking about your options for childcare now, before you start finalizing your own career plans. There are few rights and wrongs when it comes to childcare - but there is a right way for your baby, you, and the other members of your family.


Preeclampsia: a Common Pregnancy Complication
Preeclampsia, also known as toxemia  is a disease characterized by the gradual development of high blood pressure (over 140/90) that is often accompanied by protein excretion in the urine and excessive swelling of legs, hands, and face.



Moderate Walking, Cycling, & Gardening Associated with Enhanced Fertility
According to Lauren Wise, a reproductive epidemiologist at Boston University and lead author of the study(4/5/2012) "Effect of physical activity on fertility varied by body mass index", it was found that moderate exercise, such as walking, cycling, or gardening, was associated with getting pregnant more quickly for all women, regardless of weight. Over the course of the study, nearly 70 percent of all women became pregnant.  


Increased Chances of Birth Complications with Elective Induction
In a study, published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Dr. Rosalie Grivell from the University of Adelaide’s Robinson Institute and School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health studied the data of more than 28,000 births from across South Australia, from 2006 to 2007. She compared cases in which women had undergone spontaneous onset of labor, induction of labor for recognized medical reasons, and induction of labor for “non-recognized” reasons.  


After the baby arrives
After delivery the first question naturally is how is my baby? The second question asked by workout - alcoholics often is "When can I begin exercising now that I’ve given birth?"

Secrets Uncovered: How do Models Shed Baby Weight?
"No matter how busy you are, Always find time to squeeze in a workout." says Hollywood singer actress Jennifer Lopez a mother of twin kids. "I have to work very hard in the gym to keep her tummy in shape" she adds further. Work hard and watch what you eat. Her training comprises of cardio & weight, with a feminine approach. Jennifer trains two or three times a week and also does circuits. Jennifer Lopez does not use exercise as a reason to pig out. She indicated, however, that sometimes she does not work out for months. To remedy this situation, J Lo does pull-ups to boost the balance of her hourglass figure.

Pregnancy and Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis is more prevalent in women of childbearing age than in any other group. When young women receive a diagnosis of MS, they frequently have questions about the effects of the disease on childbearing and vice versa.

  Choosing To Have Babies At Home

As the desire for home birth grows, the number of studies and statistical data continue to grow and give us a greater understanding of the risks and benefits. As long your pregnancy is going well and you are healthy, you should be able to have a home birth (DH 2007: 12, Welsh Assembly Government 2005: 26, Scottish Executive 2001 Maternity Matters 2008).  


Heart Rate Training During Pregnancy

Pregnancy induces profound alterations in maternal haemodynamics. Such changes include an increase in blood volume, heart rate, and stroke volume as well as cardiac output, and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance.


Myth and Truth About Obesity and Pregnancy
Despite excessive caloric intake, many obese women are deficient in vitamins vital to a healthy pregnancy. This and other startling statistics abound when obesity and pregnancy collide. In the December(2011) issue of the journal Seminars in Perinatology, maternal fetal medicine expert Loralei L. Thornburg, M.D., reviews many of the pregnancy-related changes and obstacles obese women may face before giving birth. The following myths and truths highlight some expected and some surprising issues to take into account before, during and after pregnancy.

Pertussis Vaccine (Tdap) Recommended for Pregnant Women
Since 2005, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) booster vaccines to unvaccinated postpartum mothers and other family members of newborn infants to protect infants from pertussis, a strategy referred to as cocooning. On June 22, 2011, ACIP made recommendations for use of Tdap in unvaccinated pregnant women and updated recommendations on cocooning and special situations.

Easing into Postpartum Sex
Congratulation for completing the marathon of pregnancy and delivery. What lies ahead is a tough task of parenting, which no doubt is stressful enough and when you both work its even harder. You have to make time for your marriage/sex life.


Pregorexia: the pregnant woman's eating disorder
According to some experts, images of svelte celebrity mums-to-be such as Nicoles Kidman and Richie with their “barely-there” bumps are inspiring expectant mothers to diet and exercise to excess to stay slim during pregnancy and speed the departure of those post-baby pounds.


Identifying FSH Role in Conception
FSH, or follicle-stimulating hormone, is a naturally occurring hormone that is made by the pituitary gland in the body. If the FSH levels or either low or high, it is a clear indicator that something is out of balance within the reproductive system and may be causing issues with the couple being able to conceive.


Running while Pregnant
As long as you get the green light from your OB, you should continue to exercise (with modifications) right up until your delivery date. Not only will it keep you in shape, but it can also make for an easier labor and recovery.


Coping with Unplanned Pregnancy
Despite the availability of various contraceptive options, in some Western countries most pregnancies are unplanned. There can be a time when a woman is caught off guard about the growth of a life within her. When the reality can leave her in a confused state of mind. Besides an unplanned pregnancy can cause a number of feelings such as anxiety and stress.


Questions to Ponder Before Choosing an Infertility Clinic
Going for an infertility treatment is an emotional and financial commitment and finding the right fertility clinic is one of the main decisions which needs to be made. There is no doubt that the treatment is a tiresome and expensive journey, so the couple need to be cleared with doubts before heading forward.


New Thyroid Guidelines Released for Pregnancy
The new clinical guidelines focus on several key areas in the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum: thyroid function tests, hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, iodine, thyroid antibodies and miscarriage/preterm delivery, thyroid nodules and cancer, postpartum thyroiditis, recommendations on screening for thyroid disease during pregnancy, and areas for future research.


Diet Soda: Unfolding effect on pregnancy and child birth

When you're pregnant, it's important to make healthy choices as much as possible and to avoid things that have the potential to harm you or your baby. But then there's a large category of things that fall into a gray area, that are neither beneficial nor particularly harmful. In the gray area, falls the Diet Coke.

Body building during pregnancy: do and don'ts

Bodybuilding is good for women of all categories. It is very important for pregnant women to keep fit since their bodies require high levels of stability in maintaining normal metabolism. Read on....

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a serious but uncommon infection caused by either Staphylococcus aureus bacteria or by streptococcus bacteria. Read on....


Muscle Strengthening during Pregnancy

Many women would like to continue strength training during pregnancy, but are hesitant due to the seemingly inconsistent and diverse opinions on the subject. In recent years, however, a growing number of professionals from the medical and exercise science communities have tendered specific advice for pregnant women interested in strength training. Read on....

Asthma and Pregnancy

Pregnant women with asthma are not necessarily ‘high risk’ patients. In fact, asthma can follow a curious pattern in pregnant patients. One third of women experience no change in their asthma during pregnancy, one third actually notice an improvement when they are pregnant, and one third may experience a flare-up of their asthma during this time. Since there is no index to predict which way a patient will react, it is necessary to closely follow every pregnant asthma patient. Read on....

The vital first ten weeks  

After implantation the embryo develops very quickly. By the time a woman has missed her first period the embryo’s nervous system is already beginning to form. Its circulation also develops early and a simple blood-pumping system is in place by the third week of the embryo’s life. This rapidly develops into the more sophisticated heart and blood vessels that circulate blood between the fetus and the placenta for the exchange of nutrients, waste products, oxygen, and carbon dioxide.  

Stretching the groin  

The adductor muscles of the leg are often referred to as the "groin muscles" and include the adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, and gracilis. They are fan-like muscles in the upper thigh that pull the legs together when they contract. They help stabilize the hip joint. The adductors attach from the pelvis to the femur (thigh bone).  

Workout Tips for mother-daughter duo  

While you are looking around for a workout partner in order to get fit, just a hand shake away is one in form of mother and/or a daughter. Age doesn't matter if you have a daughter who is a pre-schooler, grade schooler, teenager and so on. This will not help in building your physical fitness but what you stand to gain is a emotional bonding which will only get stronger with time and age.  

Comprehensive Chromosome Screening (CCS): a promising procedure
CCS involves the analysis of the total chromosome complement of a single cell or group of cells from each embryo. These tests that look into the essence of humanity, allowing scientist and physicians the opportunity and ability to alter the human genotype for better or worse. The common thread of life is DNA and DNA is the only major requirement for genetic screening. With knowledge of structure and function of DNA scientists can unlock the mysteries of life.


Epidural anesthesia: option for painless child birth  

Epidural anesthesia is the most common method applied for combating pain during delivery. The pregnant lady remain conscious and aware of the activities going on, but there is a numbness at the pelvic region.


What Your periods speak about your health

Paying attention to the patterns of your menstrual cycle offers a window into your overall health. Abnormal periods aren't just wacky; they may be clues to your health — signaling that you're at higher risk for osteoporosis, heart disease, infertility, or certain cancers.


Managing Thyroid Disorder during Pregnancy

Thyroid disease is present in 2-5 percent of all women and 1-2 percent of women in the reproductive age group. Thyroid problems are common in women who are pregnant. Several of the thyroid disorders which tend to occur during pregnancy are autoimmune in nature.


Heartburn during Pregnancy
One possible cause  of heartburn  in pregnancy; is the  extra pressure on the stomach (during the third trimester) exerted by the growing baby. Also, during pregnancy, the placenta produces the hormone progesterone, which relaxes the smooth muscles of the uterus. Read on....

Influenza vaccination: an essential element of prenatal care

All women who will be pregnant through the influenza season (October - May in the United States) should be vaccinated against influenza, according to recommendations made by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP) and supported by the COP.

Immunization: defense against infections

Immunization by vaccination is a way of provoking the body into producing antibodies to an infection without being submitted to the full-blown infection itself.

Choline intake benefits during pregnancy

A new study found that more choline during pregnancy and nursing could provide lasting cognitive and emotional benefits to people with Down syndrome. The work indicated greater maternal levels of the essential nutrient could protect against neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease.


Breathing for you and your baby

Breathing is something which is an involuntary action. You do not need to pay attention to your breathing as it will happen anyway. When you are pregnant, however it will be more important to pay attention to your breathing.



Birth Control Pill and Weight Gain

Birth control Pills are basically oral contraceptives, used by women to avoid unwanted pregnancy. These contraceptive pills mainly contain two hormones estrogen and progesterone, which are synthetic versions of the natural female hormones.


Antibiotic use during pregnancy

It is a well known fact that infections usually happen to a lady when she is pregnant. The most prone areas for infection are the reproductive or the urinary tracts. Infection in these sensitive areas can even harm the baby and that is the reason why they should be cured. Mostly women use antibiotics in order to treat these as well as other infections at the time of pregnancy.


Pre-natal Screening During Pregnancy

A screening test aims to detect a disease or condition in the early stages before it causes significant problems, and where treatment can be offered. The potential benefits of a screening test should outweigh any possible risks from the test.

Uterine Fibroid Embolization

UFE offers another route for treatment against uterine fibroids while preserving the uterus. Uterine fibroids are also called fibromyomas, leiomyomas or myomas and usually appear during an adult woman's childbearing years. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths inside the uterus. They affect as many as three out of four women sometime during their lives.


Pregnancy and Heart Disease
Pregnancy is one of the physiological conditions that places a considerable burden on the heart, forcing it to work harder for a significantly long period - nine months. While a normal heart is quite capable of taking this extra workload right in its stride, a diseased one may not be able to cope. Read on....



Mastitis is inflammation of tissue in one or both mammary glands inside the breast. Mastitis usually affects lactating women - women who are breastfeeding, producing milk. Hence, it is often referred to as lactation mastitis. The patient feels a hard, sore spot inside the breast. Mastitis can occur as a result of an infection or a blocked milk duct.


Cord Blood Stem Cell: an upcoming life saver
Although a wide assortment of methods are used to treat and cure these serious diseases, since the late 1980s, cord blood stem cells have increasingly been used to effectively treat a number of life threatening diseases.

Water Aerobics during Pregnancy If you're looking for a fitness regimen that will help you keep fit throughout your pregnancy, consider doing some water aerobics. Being in water will take the weight off your legs and back and you will feel more comfortable working out. Aside from that, aquarobics has been shown to help during labor.


Shoulder Dystocia

Shoulder dystocia takes place when a baby gets stuck by the shoulders behind the mother's pelvic bone during delivery. This happens when a baby is already in the birth canal, so to ease the baby out, a doctor has to do immediate maneuvers.


Body Sculpting During Pregnancy

Remaining active during pregnancy offers several benefits to the mother and baby. The key to reaping such benefits is to adjust your exercise program in order to make it safe for you and your baby during this period. Keep in mind that the goal of exercising during pregnancy is to maintain your present level of fitness, not to improve it.

Lack of Sleep Linked to Weight Gain For New Moms  

Sleep is essential. It is the time when our bodies replenish, repairing the mental and physical wear-and-tear we suffer during the day. However, our "always-on" culture has created a sleep-deprived generation. Cell phones, computers, PDAs and 24-hour cable television keep our brains stimulated.


Weighing the Benefits of Natural Birth

New research suggests mothers who deliver vaginally may have a heightened bond with their babies compared to mothers who deliver via caesarean section (c-section). Researchers found mothers who delivered their babies vaginally were significantly more responsive to the cry of their own baby than mothers who had c-section delivery.


Stretching Exercises May Help Fight Pre-eclampsia During Pregnancy

Stretching exercises may be more effective at reducing the risk of preeclampsia than walking for pregnant women who have already experienced the condition and who do not follow a workout routine, according to researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing.


Candidiasis (yeast infection)

Also called thrush, this common infection affects many women whether they are sexually active or not. Candida is a yeast or fungus that is commonly present in the bowel and vagina, and less commonly inside the mouth.


Moms: Play Your Way to Fitness

The need for leading a healthy, active lifestyle is indeed serious, but exercise can be play as well as work. Keep in mind that most sports and games require movement. You can think of the benefits of participating in or training for a sport as the three Fs, because you’ll often get faster and fitter-and you’ll have fun, too.


Cystitis: infection of the bladder

This is a very common infection or irritation of the bladder that results in an urgent desire to urinate frequently, regardless of whether your bladder is full. Passing urine is usually painful and the urine may be cloudy or even contain blood. You may feel discomfort after passing urine or have abdominal pain.


Alcohol and Pregnancy

Health experts are calling for women to avoid alcohol completely during pregnancy in the light of a new study has found a little evidence that binge drinking while pregnant seriously harms the developing foetus.


Management of Asthma during Pregnancy

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has issued a practice bulletin for management of asthma during pregnancy. The new recommendations appear in the February (2008) issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Low pregnancy weight gain safe for obese women

Obese women can gain little or no weight during pregnancy and even lose a few pounds without harming their babies, new research suggests.


Obesity and fertility

Obese women are known to have more difficulty becoming pregnant and also are more likely to miscarry. Excess weight could exert its effects either by acting on the ovaries, which produce eggs, or on the endometrium, where the fertilized egg implants.


Maternal Obesity Vs. Birth defects

Women who are obese when they conceive are more likely to have babies with birth defects than are mothers of normal weight, a US study suggests. For many types of birth defects, including spina bifida, heart, limb and genital defects, mothers were between 1.3 and 2.1-fold more likely to have been obese.  


Fertility pill to delay menopause

Today women are gaining full status as women in our society, they are getting educated and having careers. With the only disadvantage that their biology is working against them. At the age of 16, a woman had 400,000 eggs - but by the age of 46 there are virtually none left. Women loose around two eggs an hour.


New heart guidelines to stop newborn defects

The American Heart Association estimates that out of 1,000 births, nine babies will have some form of congenital heart disorder. Congenital cardiovascular defects are the most common birth defects.


Approaches to Childbirth
As modern society increasingly comes to accept childbirth as a natural process, you will find a growing number of options available for giving birth.


Omega-3 fatty acids & pregnancy

The Omega 3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fatty acids. They are found in various foods, including fish, game, seeds, and plants. Studies have shown that the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in particular may lower a woman's risk for depression, aid a fetus's vision development, and even regulate a newborn's sleep patterns.


Exercise & In Vitro Fertilization

In general, regular exercise does not seem to decrease or increase the chances of having a baby through IVF However, with four or more hours of exercise per week for 1 to 9 years, the odds of a live birth fell by 40 percent relative to engaging in no exercise.

Pregnancy Myths Exposed

Pregnancy is a time when one gets to hear a number of myths; you must heard them all. Relax. A lot of the things you hear might not have a scientific basis. Here we deal with some of your worst pregnancy concerns, which could prove to be mere myths.



Infant Feeding Problems

Like adults, children have varying appetites, depending on mood, health and general inclination. Nevertheless, there are certain problems which are characteristic of many newborn babies and others which affect children at different ages and which can be readily addressed by the parents.



Irregular Menstrual Period

The menstrual cycle is not the same for every woman. A normal menstrual period lasts from 2 to 7 days. The normal cycle patterns can range from 21 to 35 days. When bleeding occurs that is not part of the regular cycle; periods are longer or heavier than normal; occurs between periods; time between periods is longer than normal; or there is an absence of periods, this is called abnormal or irregular uterine bleeding.


GBS: A life-threatening infections in newborns

Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a type of bacterium that causes illness in newborn babies, pregnant women, the elderly, and adults with other illnesses, such as diabetes or liver disease. GBS is the most common cause of life-threatening infections in newborns.


Living With Changes

Throughout pregnancy, your growing and changing shape makes it important to alter the way you perform a number of everyday tasks and movements. Read on....


Ectopic Pregnancy: Causes and Treatment

An ectopic pregnancy (also called a tubal pregnancy) occurs when a fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, typically in one of the Fallopian tubes. Sometimes the embryo can also occur in the cervical canal, one of the ovaries or the pelvic or abdominal cavity (abdominal pregnancy).


Anemia during Pregnancy
Adequate iron is essential for the formation of healthy red blood cells, and for both fetal demands and the large increase in maternal blood volume. Pregnant women should eat a range of iron-rich foods in order to prevent an iron deficiency. Read on....


Pain Relief During Labor
Despite the arguments in favor of natural childbirth, there is no intrinsic virtue in avoiding pharmacological pain relief if you feel you need it. Read on....


In touch with your baby

We now know that unborn babies are aware of much of their surroundings and are able to respond physically to a variety of stimuli. We also understand a great deal about the way a baby's body function in the uterus and what she can hear and see. Read on....


Basal body temperature (BBT)
The normal human body oral temperature averages at about 98.6°F (37°c) but varies during the day, especially in response to exercise. A woman's body temperature not only fluctuates throughout the day, it also responds to hormonal changes throughout the  month, thereby giving a valuable information about individual fertility cycle.  Read on....


Exercise Routine for Second Trimester
While the first trimester is crucial for laying down the groundwork for the developing organs and concerns over the possibility of miscarriage, and the third trimester centers on the baby attaining maturity and the delivery process itself, the second trimester is a sort of reprieve during which the pregnancy can almost be enjoyed. Read on....


Toxoplasmosis during Pregnancy
Toxoplasmosis is caused by a tiny parasite [protozoan] that spends part of its lifecycle in animals and the rest in humans. It is a common infection caused by the one-celled organism Toxoplasma gondii. Read on....


Sleeping During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, inadequate sleep is a common complain  made by women, mostly, due to the result of anxiety and stress, hormonal fluctuations, and physical discomfort. Read on....


Obesity: A Health Risk during Pregnancy
Overweight is defined as being 10% to 15% heavier than recommended for a woman's height, or having a body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 30. Obese was having a BMI of 30 or more. Read on....


High-Risk Pregnancy: Hydramnios 
Hydramnios is a condition in which there is too much amniotic fluid around the fetus. It occurs in about 3 to 4 percent of all pregnancies. It is also called polyhydramnios.  Read on....


High-Risk Pregnancy: Oligohydramnios
Oligohydramnios is a condition in which there is too little amniotic fluid around the fetus. The condition is often the result of a tear or rupture in the amniotic membrane, causing it to leak amniotic fluid and thus lower the level of fluid still surrounding the baby It occurs in about 4 percent of all pregnancies. Read on....


The Stages of Labor & Delivery 

The first stage of labor consists of an early phase that begins with the onset of contractions and the gradual effacement (thinning out) and dilation (opening) of the cervix, followed by an active phase in which the cervix begins to dilate more rapidly and contractions are longer, stronger, and closer together The active phase ends with a "transition period" as the cervix fully dilates to 10 centimeters. Read on....



A hydrosalpinx is a fallopian tube that is filled with fluid. Injury to the end of the fallopian tube, the ampulla, and its delicate fingers, the fimbria, causes the end of the tube to close. Glands within the tube produce a watery fluid that collects within the tube, producing a sausage shaped swelling that is characteristic of hydrosalpinx.  Read on....



Chorioamnionitis is an infection of two membranes of the placenta (the chorion and the amnion) and the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby. Chorioamnionitis can cause bacteremia (blood infection) in the mother and may lead to preterm birth and serious infection in the newborn baby.  Read on....


Breech Presentation

Most babies are born headfirst, but at the end of pregnancy, around 3-4% are found to be breech. Before term, which is defined as 37 weeks, it doesn't matter if the baby is breech, as there is always a good chance that she will turn spontaneously.  Read on....


Psoriasis During Pregnancy

It seems pregnancy brings more than a "healthy glow." It might also help clear psoriasis for those who have the skin disease. A study showed that psoriatic women who have high estrogen levels during pregnancy experience significant improvements of their psoriasis. Read on....


Choosing Contraception
The most common reason for failure of a contraception method is not using the method properly and consistently. Because of this, it's recommended that you choose a method you feel comfortable using on a regular basis. The most popular and effective contraceptive methods available around the world. Read on....


Chlamydia- The Silent Epidemic
A bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis causes chlamydia. This infection has become the most common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the Western world.  Chlamydia infection may be symptom less in  women the whole time that it is causing damage, but there may be some tell-tale signs.  Women with chlamydia may be some increased or altered vaginal discharge and get a cervical infection that can spread up into the rest of the pelvic organs.   Read on....


Emotional Fitness a factor in Conception

While good physical health -including healthy diet and avoiding hazards like smoking, drugs, and irradiation - is vital to successful conception and pregnancy, so too, is the emotional state. Read on....


Amniocentesis:   learning more about the  fetus

With all the advances in medicine, doctors and their patients can learn a lot about the development of a fetus, and one of the tools that's commonly used is amniocentesis. Read on....


Premature rupture of membranes (PROM)

During pregnancy, the developing baby is protected by a fluid-filled sac called the bag of waters, or the "membranes." This bag usually stays intact until several hours before labor starts-or even for a while after labor has begun-but it can burst or start leaking any time during the pregnancy.

A Complete Body Workout for Pregnant Women (Part-I)
At no point in a woman's life is general fitness more important than during pregnancy. The advantages of having a regular exercise  routine during pregnancy are almost endless. Exercising will give you more energy, help you remain flexible and carry your baby with ease. Read on....

Planning a Fit Pregnancy
Pregnancy places great physical demands on the body, but the fitter you are, the better you will be able to cope. Supple joints & groin and buttock muscles make it easier to adopt useful position such as squatting during labor and birth...Read on.

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